Viewing data for Sphyrna lewini


Scientific name Sphyrna lewini
Common name Scalloped hammerhead
Maximum lifespan 35.00 years (Sphyrna lewini@AnAge)

Total mtDNA (size: 16726 bases) GC AT G C A T
Base content (bases) 6610 10116 4406 2204 4862 5254
Base content per 1 kb (bases) 395 605 263 132 291 314
Base content (%) 39.5% 60.5%
Total protein-coding genes (size: 11407 bases) GC AT G C A T
Base content (bases) 4584 6823 3244 1340 3375 3448
Base content per 1 kb (bases) 402 598 284 117 296 302
Base content (%) 40.2% 59.8%
D-loop (size: 1086 bases) GC AT G C A T
Base content (bases) 368 718 231 137 368 350
Base content per 1 kb (bases) 339 661 213 126 339 322
Base content (%) 33.9% 66.1%
Total tRNA-coding genes (size: 1552 bases) GC AT G C A T
Base content (bases) 608 944 344 264 438 506
Base content per 1 kb (bases) 392 608 222 170 282 326
Base content (%) 39.2% 60.8%
Total rRNA-coding genes (size: 2625 bases) GC AT G C A T
Base content (bases) 1025 1600 574 451 663 937
Base content per 1 kb (bases) 390 610 219 172 253 357
Base content (%) 39.0% 61.0%
12S rRNA gene (size: 956 bases) GC AT G C A T
Base content (bases) 392 564 219 173 228 336
Base content per 1 kb (bases) 410 590 229 181 238 351
Base content (%) 41.0% 59.0%
16S rRNA gene (size: 1669 bases) GC AT G C A T
Base content (bases) 633 1036 355 278 435 601
Base content per 1 kb (bases) 379 621 213 167 261 360
Base content (%) 37.9% 62.1%

ATP6 (size: 684 bases) GC AT G C A T
Base content (bases) 255 429 185 70 215 214
Base content per 1 kb (bases) 373 627 270 102 314 313
Base content (%) 37.3% 62.7%
ATP8 (size: 168 bases) GC AT G C A T
Base content (bases) 53 115 41 12 55 60
Base content per 1 kb (bases) 315 685 244 71 327 357
Base content (%) 31.5% 68.5%
COX1 (size: 1557 bases) GC AT G C A T
Base content (bases) 613 944 368 245 518 426
Base content per 1 kb (bases) 394 606 236 157 333 274
Base content (%) 39.4% 60.6%
COX2 (size: 691 bases) GC AT G C A T
Base content (bases) 272 419 167 105 203 216
Base content per 1 kb (bases) 394 606 242 152 294 313
Base content (%) 39.4% 60.6%
COX3 (size: 786 bases) GC AT G C A T
Base content (bases) 339 447 217 122 226 221
Base content per 1 kb (bases) 431 569 276 155 288 281
Base content (%) 43.1% 56.9%
CYTB (size: 1145 bases) GC AT G C A T
Base content (bases) 470 675 333 137 350 325
Base content per 1 kb (bases) 410 590 291 120 306 284
Base content (%) 41.0% 59.0%
ND1 (size: 975 bases) GC AT G C A T
Base content (bases) 410 565 298 112 277 288
Base content per 1 kb (bases) 421 579 306 115 284 295
Base content (%) 42.1% 57.9%
ND2 (size: 1045 bases) GC AT G C A T
Base content (bases) 429 616 337 92 285 331
Base content per 1 kb (bases) 411 589 322 88 273 317
Base content (%) 41.1% 58.9%
ND3 (size: 349 bases) GC AT G C A T
Base content (bases) 151 198 103 48 108 90
Base content per 1 kb (bases) 433 567 295 138 309 258
Base content (%) 43.3% 56.7%
ND4 (size: 1381 bases) GC AT G C A T
Base content (bases) 547 834 405 142 415 419
Base content per 1 kb (bases) 396 604 293 103 301 303
Base content (%) 39.6% 60.4%
ND4L (size: 297 bases) GC AT G C A T
Base content (bases) 133 164 96 37 95 69
Base content per 1 kb (bases) 448 552 323 125 320 232
Base content (%) 44.8% 55.2%
ND5 (size: 1830 bases) GC AT G C A T
Base content (bases) 713 1117 533 180 541 576
Base content per 1 kb (bases) 390 610 291 98 296 315
Base content (%) 39.0% 61.0%
ND6 (size: 522 bases) GC AT G C A T
Base content (bases) 203 319 162 41 96 223
Base content per 1 kb (bases) 389 611 310 79 184 427
Base content (%) 38.9% 61.1%

ATP6 (size: 684 bases)
Amino acid sequence:
Amino acid frequencies:
Glycine (Gly, G)
n = 9 (3.96%)
Alanine (Ala, A)
n = 18 (7.93%)
Serine (Ser, S)
n = 7 (3.08%)
Threonine (Thr, T)
n = 23 (10.13%)
Cysteine (Cys, C)
n = 0 (0%)
Valine (Val, V)
n = 12 (5.29%)
Leucine (Leu, L)
n = 51 (22.47%)
Isoleucine (Ile, I)
n = 23 (10.13%)
Methionine (Met, M)
n = 11 (4.85%)
Proline (Pro, P)
n = 16 (7.05%)
Phenylalanine (Phe, F)
n = 15 (6.61%)
Tyrosine (Tyr, Y)
n = 3 (1.32%)
Tryptophan (Trp, W)
n = 5 (2.2%)
Aspartic acid (Asp, D)
n = 1 (0.44%)
Glutamic acid (Glu, E)
n = 4 (1.76%)
Asparagine (Asn, N)
n = 10 (4.41%)
Glutamine (Gln, Q)
n = 9 (3.96%)
Histidine (His, H)
n = 4 (1.76%)
Lysine (Lys, K)
n = 1 (0.44%)
Arginine (Arg, R)
n = 5 (2.2%)
Codon statistics:
AUU AUC AUA CUU CUC CUA CUG UUA CAA CAG GUU GUC GUA GUG UUU UUC
16 7 10 8 7 18 1 17 9 0 6 0 5 1 5 10
AUG UGU UGC GCU GCC GCA GCG GGU GGC GGA GGG CCU CCC CCA CCG ACU
1 0 0 4 6 8 0 2 3 4 0 1 2 13 0 10
ACC ACA ACG UCU UCC UCA UCG AGU AGC UAU UAC UGG UUG AAU AAC CAU
4 9 0 0 2 1 0 2 2 0 3 0 0 2 8 2
CAC GAA GAG GAU GAC AAA AAG CGU CGC CGA CGG AGA AGG UAA UAG UGA
2 4 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 4 0 0 0 1 0 5
Codons with 1st base G Codons with 1st base C Codons with 1st base A Codons with 1st base U
44 68 72 44
Codons with 2nd base G Codons with 2nd base C Codons with 2nd base A Codons with 2nd base U
23 60 33 112
Codons with 3rd base G Codons with 3rd base C Codons with 3rd base A Codons with 3rd base U
3 57 109 59
ATP8 (size: 168 bases)
Amino acid sequence: MPQLNPNPWFLILLFSWIVFLTILPNKVMNHLFNNNPTLESTEKPKPNPWNWPWL*
Amino acid frequencies:
Glycine (Gly, G)
n = 0 (0%)
Alanine (Ala, A)
n = 0 (0%)
Serine (Ser, S)
n = 2 (3.64%)
Threonine (Thr, T)
n = 3 (5.45%)
Cysteine (Cys, C)
n = 0 (0%)
Valine (Val, V)
n = 2 (3.64%)
Leucine (Leu, L)
n = 9 (16.36%)
Isoleucine (Ile, I)
n = 3 (5.45%)
Methionine (Met, M)
n = 2 (3.64%)
Proline (Pro, P)
n = 9 (16.36%)
Phenylalanine (Phe, F)
n = 4 (7.27%)
Tyrosine (Tyr, Y)
n = 0 (0%)
Tryptophan (Trp, W)
n = 5 (9.09%)
Aspartic acid (Asp, D)
n = 0 (0%)
Glutamic acid (Glu, E)
n = 2 (3.64%)
Asparagine (Asn, N)
n = 9 (16.36%)
Glutamine (Gln, Q)
n = 1 (1.82%)
Histidine (His, H)
n = 1 (1.82%)
Lysine (Lys, K)
n = 3 (5.45%)
Arginine (Arg, R)
n = 0 (0%)
Codon statistics:
AUU AUC AUA CUU CUC CUA CUG UUA CAA CAG GUU GUC GUA GUG UUU UUC
2 1 1 1 0 0 0 8 1 0 2 0 0 0 2 2
AUG UGU UGC GCU GCC GCA GCG GGU GGC GGA GGG CCU CCC CCA CCG ACU
1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 4 1 0 1
ACC ACA ACG UCU UCC UCA UCG AGU AGC UAU UAC UGG UUG AAU AAC CAU
2 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 3 6 0
CAC GAA GAG GAU GAC AAA AAG CGU CGC CGA CGG AGA AGG UAA UAG UGA
1 2 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 4
Codons with 1st base G Codons with 1st base C Codons with 1st base A Codons with 1st base U
4 12 21 19
Codons with 2nd base G Codons with 2nd base C Codons with 2nd base A Codons with 2nd base U
6 13 17 20
Codons with 3rd base G Codons with 3rd base C Codons with 3rd base A Codons with 3rd base U
2 16 22 16
COX1 (size: 1557 bases)
Amino acid sequence:
Amino acid frequencies:
Glycine (Gly, G)
n = 45 (8.69%)
Alanine (Ala, A)
n = 45 (8.69%)
Serine (Ser, S)
n = 33 (6.37%)
Threonine (Thr, T)
n = 32 (6.18%)
Cysteine (Cys, C)
n = 1 (0.19%)
Valine (Val, V)
n = 38 (7.34%)
Leucine (Leu, L)
n = 64 (12.36%)
Isoleucine (Ile, I)
n = 45 (8.69%)
Methionine (Met, M)
n = 24 (4.63%)
Proline (Pro, P)
n = 30 (5.79%)
Phenylalanine (Phe, F)
n = 40 (7.72%)
Tyrosine (Tyr, Y)
n = 18 (3.47%)
Tryptophan (Trp, W)
n = 17 (3.28%)
Aspartic acid (Asp, D)
n = 15 (2.9%)
Glutamic acid (Glu, E)
n = 10 (1.93%)
Asparagine (Asn, N)
n = 15 (2.9%)
Glutamine (Gln, Q)
n = 10 (1.93%)
Histidine (His, H)
n = 19 (3.67%)
Lysine (Lys, K)
n = 8 (1.54%)
Arginine (Arg, R)
n = 9 (1.74%)
Codon statistics:
AUU AUC AUA CUU CUC CUA CUG UUA CAA CAG GUU GUC GUA GUG UUU UUC
31 14 19 20 10 19 0 15 9 1 14 4 18 2 23 17
AUG UGU UGC GCU GCC GCA GCG GGU GGC GGA GGG CCU CCC CCA CCG ACU
5 1 0 13 12 19 1 14 9 18 4 11 1 18 0 13
ACC ACA ACG UCU UCC UCA UCG AGU AGC UAU UAC UGG UUG AAU AAC CAU
5 14 0 10 6 13 0 1 3 10 8 3 0 8 7 7
CAC GAA GAG GAU GAC AAA AAG CGU CGC CGA CGG AGA AGG UAA UAG UGA
12 10 0 9 6 8 0 1 1 7 0 0 0 1 0 14
Codons with 1st base G Codons with 1st base C Codons with 1st base A Codons with 1st base U
153 117 128 121
Codons with 2nd base G Codons with 2nd base C Codons with 2nd base A Codons with 2nd base U
76 136 96 211
Codons with 3rd base G Codons with 3rd base C Codons with 3rd base A Codons with 3rd base U
16 115 202 186
COX2 (size: 691 bases)
Amino acid sequence:
Amino acid frequencies:
Glycine (Gly, G)
n = 9 (3.93%)
Alanine (Ala, A)
n = 15 (6.55%)
Serine (Ser, S)
n = 16 (6.99%)
Threonine (Thr, T)
n = 14 (6.11%)
Cysteine (Cys, C)
n = 2 (0.87%)
Valine (Val, V)
n = 18 (7.86%)
Leucine (Leu, L)
n = 25 (10.92%)
Isoleucine (Ile, I)
n = 21 (9.17%)
Methionine (Met, M)
n = 13 (5.68%)
Proline (Pro, P)
n = 13 (5.68%)
Phenylalanine (Phe, F)
n = 8 (3.49%)
Tyrosine (Tyr, Y)
n = 10 (4.37%)
Tryptophan (Trp, W)
n = 5 (2.18%)
Aspartic acid (Asp, D)
n = 12 (5.24%)
Glutamic acid (Glu, E)
n = 16 (6.99%)
Asparagine (Asn, N)
n = 4 (1.75%)
Glutamine (Gln, Q)
n = 9 (3.93%)
Histidine (His, H)
n = 10 (4.37%)
Lysine (Lys, K)
n = 4 (1.75%)
Arginine (Arg, R)
n = 6 (2.62%)
Codon statistics:
AUU AUC AUA CUU CUC CUA CUG UUA CAA CAG GUU GUC GUA GUG UUU UUC
11 10 9 5 2 6 1 9 9 0 9 2 5 2 6 2
AUG UGU UGC GCU GCC GCA GCG GGU GGC GGA GGG CCU CCC CCA CCG ACU
4 1 1 4 6 5 0 1 4 4 0 5 3 5 0 6
ACC ACA ACG UCU UCC UCA UCG AGU AGC UAU UAC UGG UUG AAU AAC CAU
2 6 0 3 3 7 0 1 2 6 4 1 2 1 3 2
CAC GAA GAG GAU GAC AAA AAG CGU CGC CGA CGG AGA AGG UAA UAG UGA
8 16 0 5 7 4 0 2 1 3 0 0 0 0 0 4
Codons with 1st base G Codons with 1st base C Codons with 1st base A Codons with 1st base U
70 52 59 49
Codons with 2nd base G Codons with 2nd base C Codons with 2nd base A Codons with 2nd base U
25 55 65 85
Codons with 3rd base G Codons with 3rd base C Codons with 3rd base A Codons with 3rd base U
10 60 92 68
COX3 (size: 786 bases)
Amino acid sequence:
Amino acid frequencies:
Glycine (Gly, G)
n = 21 (8.05%)
Alanine (Ala, A)
n = 22 (8.43%)
Serine (Ser, S)
n = 13 (4.98%)
Threonine (Thr, T)
n = 20 (7.66%)
Cysteine (Cys, C)
n = 2 (0.77%)
Valine (Val, V)
n = 17 (6.51%)
Leucine (Leu, L)
n = 34 (13.03%)
Isoleucine (Ile, I)
n = 16 (6.13%)
Methionine (Met, M)
n = 7 (2.68%)
Proline (Pro, P)
n = 13 (4.98%)
Phenylalanine (Phe, F)
n = 22 (8.43%)
Tyrosine (Tyr, Y)
n = 14 (5.36%)
Tryptophan (Trp, W)
n = 12 (4.6%)
Aspartic acid (Asp, D)
n = 5 (1.92%)
Glutamic acid (Glu, E)
n = 10 (3.83%)
Asparagine (Asn, N)
n = 2 (0.77%)
Glutamine (Gln, Q)
n = 8 (3.07%)
Histidine (His, H)
n = 16 (6.13%)
Lysine (Lys, K)
n = 2 (0.77%)
Arginine (Arg, R)
n = 5 (1.92%)
Codon statistics:
AUU AUC AUA CUU CUC CUA CUG UUA CAA CAG GUU GUC GUA GUG UUU UUC
7 9 5 9 8 13 0 4 8 0 6 4 6 1 10 12
AUG UGU UGC GCU GCC GCA GCG GGU GGC GGA GGG CCU CCC CCA CCG ACU
2 1 1 6 6 10 0 1 8 11 1 2 2 9 0 1
ACC ACA ACG UCU UCC UCA UCG AGU AGC UAU UAC UGG UUG AAU AAC CAU
7 12 0 0 3 7 0 1 2 10 4 0 0 0 2 6
CAC GAA GAG GAU GAC AAA AAG CGU CGC CGA CGG AGA AGG UAA UAG UGA
10 10 0 3 2 2 0 2 0 3 0 0 0 1 0 12
Codons with 1st base G Codons with 1st base C Codons with 1st base A Codons with 1st base U
75 72 50 65
Codons with 2nd base G Codons with 2nd base C Codons with 2nd base A Codons with 2nd base U
43 65 58 96
Codons with 3rd base G Codons with 3rd base C Codons with 3rd base A Codons with 3rd base U
4 80 113 65
CYTB (size: 1145 bases)
Amino acid sequence:
Amino acid frequencies:
Glycine (Gly, G)
n = 23 (6.05%)
Alanine (Ala, A)
n = 26 (6.84%)
Serine (Ser, S)
n = 25 (6.58%)
Threonine (Thr, T)
n = 18 (4.74%)
Cysteine (Cys, C)
n = 4 (1.05%)
Valine (Val, V)
n = 20 (5.26%)
Leucine (Leu, L)
n = 61 (16.05%)
Isoleucine (Ile, I)
n = 39 (10.26%)
Methionine (Met, M)
n = 11 (2.89%)
Proline (Pro, P)
n = 20 (5.26%)
Phenylalanine (Phe, F)
n = 35 (9.21%)
Tyrosine (Tyr, Y)
n = 14 (3.68%)
Tryptophan (Trp, W)
n = 12 (3.16%)
Aspartic acid (Asp, D)
n = 8 (2.11%)
Glutamic acid (Glu, E)
n = 6 (1.58%)
Asparagine (Asn, N)
n = 22 (5.79%)
Glutamine (Gln, Q)
n = 8 (2.11%)
Histidine (His, H)
n = 12 (3.16%)
Lysine (Lys, K)
n = 9 (2.37%)
Arginine (Arg, R)
n = 8 (2.11%)
Codon statistics:
AUU AUC AUA CUU CUC CUA CUG UUA CAA CAG GUU GUC GUA GUG UUU UUC
15 24 10 9 13 31 0 8 8 0 4 8 7 1 11 24
AUG UGU UGC GCU GCC GCA GCG GGU GGC GGA GGG CCU CCC CCA CCG ACU
1 3 1 6 14 6 0 2 7 13 1 4 5 11 0 4
ACC ACA ACG UCU UCC UCA UCG AGU AGC UAU UAC UGG UUG AAU AAC CAU
4 10 0 5 8 9 0 1 2 7 7 1 0 8 14 6
CAC GAA GAG GAU GAC AAA AAG CGU CGC CGA CGG AGA AGG UAA UAG UGA
6 6 0 2 6 9 0 1 3 4 0 0 0 0 0 11
Codons with 1st base G Codons with 1st base C Codons with 1st base A Codons with 1st base U
83 101 102 95
Codons with 2nd base G Codons with 2nd base C Codons with 2nd base A Codons with 2nd base U
50 86 79 166
Codons with 3rd base G Codons with 3rd base C Codons with 3rd base A Codons with 3rd base U
4 146 143 88
ND1 (size: 975 bases)
Amino acid sequence:
Amino acid frequencies:
Glycine (Gly, G)
n = 18 (5.56%)
Alanine (Ala, A)
n = 27 (8.33%)
Serine (Ser, S)
n = 22 (6.79%)
Threonine (Thr, T)
n = 24 (7.41%)
Cysteine (Cys, C)
n = 0 (0%)
Valine (Val, V)
n = 8 (2.47%)
Leucine (Leu, L)
n = 64 (19.75%)
Isoleucine (Ile, I)
n = 31 (9.57%)
Methionine (Met, M)
n = 14 (4.32%)
Proline (Pro, P)
n = 24 (7.41%)
Phenylalanine (Phe, F)
n = 20 (6.17%)
Tyrosine (Tyr, Y)
n = 13 (4.01%)
Tryptophan (Trp, W)
n = 8 (2.47%)
Aspartic acid (Asp, D)
n = 3 (0.93%)
Glutamic acid (Glu, E)
n = 10 (3.09%)
Asparagine (Asn, N)
n = 12 (3.7%)
Glutamine (Gln, Q)
n = 7 (2.16%)
Histidine (His, H)
n = 4 (1.23%)
Lysine (Lys, K)
n = 7 (2.16%)
Arginine (Arg, R)
n = 8 (2.47%)
Codon statistics:
AUU AUC AUA CUU CUC CUA CUG UUA CAA CAG GUU GUC GUA GUG UUU UUC
14 17 11 9 15 29 0 9 6 1 3 1 4 0 8 12
AUG UGU UGC GCU GCC GCA GCG GGU GGC GGA GGG CCU CCC CCA CCG ACU
3 0 0 7 10 10 0 1 6 9 2 4 9 11 0 4
ACC ACA ACG UCU UCC UCA UCG AGU AGC UAU UAC UGG UUG AAU AAC CAU
11 9 0 5 1 12 0 0 4 9 4 0 2 2 10 1
CAC GAA GAG GAU GAC AAA AAG CGU CGC CGA CGG AGA AGG UAA UAG UGA
3 10 0 0 3 7 0 2 3 3 0 0 0 1 0 8
Codons with 1st base G Codons with 1st base C Codons with 1st base A Codons with 1st base U
66 96 92 71
Codons with 2nd base G Codons with 2nd base C Codons with 2nd base A Codons with 2nd base U
38 93 57 137
Codons with 3rd base G Codons with 3rd base C Codons with 3rd base A Codons with 3rd base U
8 109 139 69
ND2 (size: 1045 bases)
Amino acid sequence:
Amino acid frequencies:
Glycine (Gly, G)
n = 17 (4.9%)
Alanine (Ala, A)
n = 24 (6.92%)
Serine (Ser, S)
n = 27 (7.78%)
Threonine (Thr, T)
n = 43 (12.39%)
Cysteine (Cys, C)
n = 1 (0.29%)
Valine (Val, V)
n = 4 (1.15%)
Leucine (Leu, L)
n = 78 (22.48%)
Isoleucine (Ile, I)
n = 36 (10.37%)
Methionine (Met, M)
n = 12 (3.46%)
Proline (Pro, P)
n = 21 (6.05%)
Phenylalanine (Phe, F)
n = 13 (3.75%)
Tyrosine (Tyr, Y)
n = 7 (2.02%)
Tryptophan (Trp, W)
n = 10 (2.88%)
Aspartic acid (Asp, D)
n = 1 (0.29%)
Glutamic acid (Glu, E)
n = 6 (1.73%)
Asparagine (Asn, N)
n = 18 (5.19%)
Glutamine (Gln, Q)
n = 9 (2.59%)
Histidine (His, H)
n = 7 (2.02%)
Lysine (Lys, K)
n = 10 (2.88%)
Arginine (Arg, R)
n = 4 (1.15%)
Codon statistics:
AUU AUC AUA CUU CUC CUA CUG UUA CAA CAG GUU GUC GUA GUG UUU UUC
22 14 11 15 18 27 2 16 9 0 0 0 4 0 5 8
AUG UGU UGC GCU GCC GCA GCG GGU GGC GGA GGG CCU CCC CCA CCG ACU
1 0 1 6 10 7 1 4 5 8 0 3 8 10 0 5
ACC ACA ACG UCU UCC UCA UCG AGU AGC UAU UAC UGG UUG AAU AAC CAU
20 18 0 3 9 11 0 2 2 3 4 0 0 1 17 1
CAC GAA GAG GAU GAC AAA AAG CGU CGC CGA CGG AGA AGG UAA UAG UGA
6 6 0 0 1 10 0 1 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 10
Codons with 1st base G Codons with 1st base C Codons with 1st base A Codons with 1st base U
52 103 123 70
Codons with 2nd base G Codons with 2nd base C Codons with 2nd base A Codons with 2nd base U
36 111 58 143
Codons with 3rd base G Codons with 3rd base C Codons with 3rd base A Codons with 3rd base U
4 123 150 71
ND3 (size: 1045 bases)
Amino acid sequence:
Amino acid frequencies:
Glycine (Gly, G)
n = 17 (4.9%)
Alanine (Ala, A)
n = 24 (6.92%)
Serine (Ser, S)
n = 27 (7.78%)
Threonine (Thr, T)
n = 43 (12.39%)
Cysteine (Cys, C)
n = 1 (0.29%)
Valine (Val, V)
n = 4 (1.15%)
Leucine (Leu, L)
n = 78 (22.48%)
Isoleucine (Ile, I)
n = 36 (10.37%)
Methionine (Met, M)
n = 12 (3.46%)
Proline (Pro, P)
n = 21 (6.05%)
Phenylalanine (Phe, F)
n = 13 (3.75%)
Tyrosine (Tyr, Y)
n = 7 (2.02%)
Tryptophan (Trp, W)
n = 10 (2.88%)
Aspartic acid (Asp, D)
n = 1 (0.29%)
Glutamic acid (Glu, E)
n = 6 (1.73%)
Asparagine (Asn, N)
n = 18 (5.19%)
Glutamine (Gln, Q)
n = 9 (2.59%)
Histidine (His, H)
n = 7 (2.02%)
Lysine (Lys, K)
n = 10 (2.88%)
Arginine (Arg, R)
n = 4 (1.15%)
Codon statistics:
AUU AUC AUA CUU CUC CUA CUG UUA CAA CAG GUU GUC GUA GUG UUU UUC
22 14 11 15 18 27 2 16 9 0 0 0 4 0 5 8
AUG UGU UGC GCU GCC GCA GCG GGU GGC GGA GGG CCU CCC CCA CCG ACU
1 0 1 6 10 7 1 4 5 8 0 3 8 10 0 5
ACC ACA ACG UCU UCC UCA UCG AGU AGC UAU UAC UGG UUG AAU AAC CAU
20 18 0 3 9 11 0 2 2 3 4 0 0 1 17 1
CAC GAA GAG GAU GAC AAA AAG CGU CGC CGA CGG AGA AGG UAA UAG UGA
6 6 0 0 1 10 0 1 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 10
Codons with 1st base G Codons with 1st base C Codons with 1st base A Codons with 1st base U
52 103 123 70
Codons with 2nd base G Codons with 2nd base C Codons with 2nd base A Codons with 2nd base U
36 111 58 143
Codons with 3rd base G Codons with 3rd base C Codons with 3rd base A Codons with 3rd base U
4 123 150 71
ND4 (size: 1381 bases)
Amino acid sequence:
Amino acid frequencies:
Glycine (Gly, G)
n = 19 (4.14%)
Alanine (Ala, A)
n = 32 (6.97%)
Serine (Ser, S)
n = 37 (8.06%)
Threonine (Thr, T)
n = 40 (8.71%)
Cysteine (Cys, C)
n = 4 (0.87%)
Valine (Val, V)
n = 10 (2.18%)
Leucine (Leu, L)
n = 91 (19.83%)
Isoleucine (Ile, I)
n = 49 (10.68%)
Methionine (Met, M)
n = 22 (4.79%)
Proline (Pro, P)
n = 23 (5.01%)
Phenylalanine (Phe, F)
n = 20 (4.36%)
Tyrosine (Tyr, Y)
n = 13 (2.83%)
Tryptophan (Trp, W)
n = 20 (4.36%)
Aspartic acid (Asp, D)
n = 4 (0.87%)
Glutamic acid (Glu, E)
n = 10 (2.18%)
Asparagine (Asn, N)
n = 19 (4.14%)
Glutamine (Gln, Q)
n = 12 (2.61%)
Histidine (His, H)
n = 13 (2.83%)
Lysine (Lys, K)
n = 11 (2.4%)
Arginine (Arg, R)
n = 11 (2.4%)
Codon statistics:
AUU AUC AUA CUU CUC CUA CUG UUA CAA CAG GUU GUC GUA GUG UUU UUC
23 26 20 23 20 32 0 16 11 1 4 1 5 0 6 14
AUG UGU UGC GCU GCC GCA GCG GGU GGC GGA GGG CCU CCC CCA CCG ACU
2 0 4 13 10 8 1 6 3 10 0 3 5 15 0 9
ACC ACA ACG UCU UCC UCA UCG AGU AGC UAU UAC UGG UUG AAU AAC CAU
12 19 0 10 15 4 0 5 3 6 7 1 0 4 15 4
CAC GAA GAG GAU GAC AAA AAG CGU CGC CGA CGG AGA AGG UAA UAG UGA
9 10 0 2 2 11 0 2 1 8 0 0 0 0 0 19
Codons with 1st base G Codons with 1st base C Codons with 1st base A Codons with 1st base U
75 134 149 102
Codons with 2nd base G Codons with 2nd base C Codons with 2nd base A Codons with 2nd base U
62 124 82 192
Codons with 3rd base G Codons with 3rd base C Codons with 3rd base A Codons with 3rd base U
5 147 188 120
ND4L (size: 297 bases)
Amino acid sequence:
Amino acid frequencies:
Glycine (Gly, G)
n = 5 (5.1%)
Alanine (Ala, A)
n = 11 (11.22%)
Serine (Ser, S)
n = 15 (15.31%)
Threonine (Thr, T)
n = 6 (6.12%)
Cysteine (Cys, C)
n = 3 (3.06%)
Valine (Val, V)
n = 1 (1.02%)
Leucine (Leu, L)
n = 19 (19.39%)
Isoleucine (Ile, I)
n = 7 (7.14%)
Methionine (Met, M)
n = 7 (7.14%)
Proline (Pro, P)
n = 2 (2.04%)
Phenylalanine (Phe, F)
n = 6 (6.12%)
Tyrosine (Tyr, Y)
n = 1 (1.02%)
Tryptophan (Trp, W)
n = 1 (1.02%)
Aspartic acid (Asp, D)
n = 1 (1.02%)
Glutamic acid (Glu, E)
n = 2 (2.04%)
Asparagine (Asn, N)
n = 4 (4.08%)
Glutamine (Gln, Q)
n = 2 (2.04%)
Histidine (His, H)
n = 2 (2.04%)
Lysine (Lys, K)
n = 1 (1.02%)
Arginine (Arg, R)
n = 2 (2.04%)
Codon statistics:
AUU AUC AUA CUU CUC CUA CUG UUA CAA CAG GUU GUC GUA GUG UUU UUC
3 4 6 7 4 6 1 1 2 0 1 0 0 0 2 4
AUG UGU UGC GCU GCC GCA GCG GGU GGC GGA GGG CCU CCC CCA CCG ACU
1 3 0 4 4 3 0 2 2 1 0 2 0 0 0 2
ACC ACA ACG UCU UCC UCA UCG AGU AGC UAU UAC UGG UUG AAU AAC CAU
2 2 0 2 8 2 0 1 2 1 0 0 0 0 4 0
CAC GAA GAG GAU GAC AAA AAG CGU CGC CGA CGG AGA AGG UAA UAG UGA
2 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
Codons with 1st base G Codons with 1st base C Codons with 1st base A Codons with 1st base U
20 26 28 25
Codons with 2nd base G Codons with 2nd base C Codons with 2nd base A Codons with 2nd base U
14 31 14 40
Codons with 3rd base G Codons with 3rd base C Codons with 3rd base A Codons with 3rd base U
3 39 27 30
ND5 (size: 1830 bases)
Amino acid sequence:
Amino acid frequencies:
Glycine (Gly, G)
n = 28 (4.6%)
Alanine (Ala, A)
n = 38 (6.24%)
Serine (Ser, S)
n = 54 (8.87%)
Threonine (Thr, T)
n = 48 (7.88%)
Cysteine (Cys, C)
n = 5 (0.82%)
Valine (Val, V)
n = 17 (2.79%)
Leucine (Leu, L)
n = 105 (17.24%)
Isoleucine (Ile, I)
n = 67 (11.0%)
Methionine (Met, M)
n = 21 (3.45%)
Proline (Pro, P)
n = 28 (4.6%)
Phenylalanine (Phe, F)
n = 43 (7.06%)
Tyrosine (Tyr, Y)
n = 15 (2.46%)
Tryptophan (Trp, W)
n = 14 (2.3%)
Aspartic acid (Asp, D)
n = 13 (2.13%)
Glutamic acid (Glu, E)
n = 11 (1.81%)
Asparagine (Asn, N)
n = 34 (5.58%)
Glutamine (Gln, Q)
n = 17 (2.79%)
Histidine (His, H)
n = 16 (2.63%)
Lysine (Lys, K)
n = 26 (4.27%)
Arginine (Arg, R)
n = 9 (1.48%)
Codon statistics:
AUU AUC AUA CUU CUC CUA CUG UUA CAA CAG GUU GUC GUA GUG UUU UUC
27 40 19 20 24 37 1 23 17 0 7 3 7 0 20 23
AUG UGU UGC GCU GCC GCA GCG GGU GGC GGA GGG CCU CCC CCA CCG ACU
2 2 3 12 15 11 0 7 11 9 1 5 8 15 0 8
ACC ACA ACG UCU UCC UCA UCG AGU AGC UAU UAC UGG UUG AAU AAC CAU
17 23 0 6 18 18 0 3 9 7 8 1 0 12 22 6
CAC GAA GAG GAU GAC AAA AAG CGU CGC CGA CGG AGA AGG UAA UAG UGA
10 11 0 2 11 26 0 1 3 5 0 0 0 1 0 13
Codons with 1st base G Codons with 1st base C Codons with 1st base A Codons with 1st base U
107 152 208 143
Codons with 2nd base G Codons with 2nd base C Codons with 2nd base A Codons with 2nd base U
68 156 133 253
Codons with 3rd base G Codons with 3rd base C Codons with 3rd base A Codons with 3rd base U
5 225 235 145
ND6 (size: 522 bases)
Amino acid sequence:
Amino acid frequencies:
Glycine (Gly, G)
n = 27 (15.61%)
Alanine (Ala, A)
n = 15 (8.67%)
Serine (Ser, S)
n = 10 (5.78%)
Threonine (Thr, T)
n = 4 (2.31%)
Cysteine (Cys, C)
n = 1 (0.58%)
Valine (Val, V)
n = 23 (13.29%)
Leucine (Leu, L)
n = 30 (17.34%)
Isoleucine (Ile, I)
n = 3 (1.73%)
Methionine (Met, M)
n = 11 (6.36%)
Proline (Pro, P)
n = 4 (2.31%)
Phenylalanine (Phe, F)
n = 10 (5.78%)
Tyrosine (Tyr, Y)
n = 11 (6.36%)
Tryptophan (Trp, W)
n = 8 (4.62%)
Aspartic acid (Asp, D)
n = 3 (1.73%)
Glutamic acid (Glu, E)
n = 6 (3.47%)
Asparagine (Asn, N)
n = 2 (1.16%)
Glutamine (Gln, Q)
n = 0 (0%)
Histidine (His, H)
n = 1 (0.58%)
Lysine (Lys, K)
n = 1 (0.58%)
Arginine (Arg, R)
n = 3 (1.73%)
Codon statistics:
AUU AUC AUA CUU CUC CUA CUG UUA CAA CAG GUU GUC GUA GUG UUU UUC
3 0 4 1 0 0 0 17 0 0 10 0 9 4 10 0
AUG UGU UGC GCU GCC GCA GCG GGU GGC GGA GGG CCU CCC CCA CCG ACU
7 1 0 9 1 2 3 14 0 4 9 3 0 1 0 4
ACC ACA ACG UCU UCC UCA UCG AGU AGC UAU UAC UGG UUG AAU AAC CAU
0 0 0 5 0 2 1 2 0 11 0 4 12 2 0 1
CAC GAA GAG GAU GAC AAA AAG CGU CGC CGA CGG AGA AGG UAA UAG UGA
0 1 5 3 0 0 1 0 0 3 0 1 0 0 0 4
Codons with 1st base G Codons with 1st base C Codons with 1st base A Codons with 1st base U
74 9 24 67
Codons with 2nd base G Codons with 2nd base C Codons with 2nd base A Codons with 2nd base U
42 31 24 77
Codons with 3rd base G Codons with 3rd base C Codons with 3rd base A Codons with 3rd base U
46 1 48 79
Total protein-coding genes (size: 11430 bases)
Amino acid sequence:
Amino acid frequencies:
Glycine (Gly, G)
n = 227 (5.96%)
Alanine (Ala, A)
n = 283 (7.43%)
Serine (Ser, S)
n = 270 (7.09%)
Threonine (Thr, T)
n = 281 (7.38%)
Cysteine (Cys, C)
n = 24 (0.63%)
Valine (Val, V)
n = 174 (4.57%)
Leucine (Leu, L)
n = 660 (17.34%)
Isoleucine (Ile, I)
n = 347 (9.11%)
Methionine (Met, M)
n = 158 (4.15%)
Proline (Pro, P)
n = 211 (5.54%)
Phenylalanine (Phe, F)
n = 244 (6.41%)
Tyrosine (Tyr, Y)
n = 121 (3.18%)
Tryptophan (Trp, W)
n = 122 (3.2%)
Aspartic acid (Asp, D)
n = 69 (1.81%)
Glutamic acid (Glu, E)
n = 99 (2.6%)
Asparagine (Asn, N)
n = 155 (4.07%)
Glutamine (Gln, Q)
n = 94 (2.47%)
Histidine (His, H)
n = 105 (2.76%)
Lysine (Lys, K)
n = 84 (2.21%)
Arginine (Arg, R)
n = 72 (1.89%)
Codon statistics:
AUU AUC AUA CUU CUC CUA CUG UUA CAA CAG GUU GUC GUA GUG UUU UUC
176 171 127 129 131 227 7 150 91 3 67 25 71 11 114 130
AUG UGU UGC GCU GCC GCA GCG GGU GGC GGA GGG CCU CCC CCA CCG ACU
31 13 11 87 96 93 7 54 60 95 18 49 50 112 0 68
ACC ACA ACG UCU UCC UCA UCG AGU AGC UAU UAC UGG UUG AAU AAC CAU
87 125 1 51 76 90 1 21 31 72 49 12 16 44 111 36
CAC GAA GAG GAU GAC AAA AAG CGU CGC CGA CGG AGA AGG UAA UAG UGA
69 93 6 28 41 83 1 12 17 43 0 1 0 7 0 110
Codons with 1st base G Codons with 1st base C Codons with 1st base A Codons with 1st base U
852 976 1078 902
Codons with 2nd base G Codons with 2nd base C Codons with 2nd base A Codons with 2nd base U
498 993 734 1583
Codons with 3rd base G Codons with 3rd base C Codons with 3rd base A Codons with 3rd base U
114 1155 1518 1021

Error: F​a​i​l​e​d​ t​o​ u​n​d​e​r​s​t​a​n​d​ i​d​:​ ?​t​e​r​m​=​(​"​S​p​h​y​r​n​a​
F​a​i​l​e​d​ t​o​ u​n​d​e​r​s​t​a​n​d​ i​d​:​ l​e​w​i​n​i​"​[​O​r​g​a​n​i​s​m​]​)​
F​a​i​l​e​d​ t​o​ u​n​d​e​r​s​t​a​n​d​ i​d​:​ A​N​D​
F​a​i​l​e​d​ t​o​ u​n​d​e​r​s​t​a​n​d​ i​d​:​ (​r​e​f​s​e​q​[​f​i​l​t​e​r​]​
F​a​i​l​e​d​ t​o​ u​n​d​e​r​s​t​a​n​d​ i​d​:​ A​N​D​
F​a​i​l​e​d​ t​o​ u​n​d​e​r​s​t​a​n​d​ i​d​:​ m​i​t​o​c​h​o​n​d​r​i​o​n​[​f​i​l​t​e​r​]​)​



Contact: Vadim E. Fraifeld, MD, PhD

Head: Lab for the Biology of Aging, The Shraga Segal Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Genetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev
P.O. Box 653, Beer-Sheva 8410501, Israel

Email:
How to cite us:

If you would like to cite this database please use:
Toren D, Barzilay T, Tacutu R, Lehmann G, Muradian KK, Fraifeld VE. MitoAge: a database for comparative analysis of mitochondrial DNA, with a special focus on animal longevity. Nucleic Acids Res. 2016; 44(D1):D1262-5.